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Cannabis and Cooking 101

Ready to bring cannabis into your kitchen? Bertha Garrett is here with the basics to get you started!
ClassesBaking with cannabis in the kitchen
Here's how

Ready to bring cannabis into your kitchen?

Although many people think of smoking and vaping when it comes to cannabis, it's also possible to eat it in quite a wide range of ways. There are classic edible options like brownies and cookies, but making key ingredients, such as cannabis honey and cannabutter, it's also possible to make all kinds of cannabis infused recipes. This guide will show you the basics of how to make some of your own cannabis delicacies and look forward to the future of cannabis’ culinary evolution.

Understanding Cannabis and Cooking

Before you start cooking up any of your own cannabis edibles, it's important to have a good understanding of how cooking with cannabis actually works. You need to think about the types and strains of cannabis you use, the method of cooking, and other aspects like dosage and temperatures to get the right results without any unnecessary risks or dangers.

Different Types of Cannabis Strains and Their Effects

First, it’s essential to understand that there are many different cannabis strains out there. They can vary not only in terms of their flavor and aroma but also in their effects on the human body due to  the levels of cannabinoids and terpenes they contain. Some strains can have high levels of THC and produce high-like feelings of euphoria, while others might be more CBD-heavy and therefore less intoxicating. Terpenes, the chemicals responsible for how cannabis smells, also play a role in determining the overall effect. 

Aspiring cannabis cooks should familiarize themselves with the types and benefits of different cannabinoids to help them choose which strains to work with. If there is a particular strain that you like to smoke, there is a good chance you will also enjoy it in your food. It’s also worth noting that the strain you choose may also have an impact on the dosage you require, as high-THC strains usually only need small doses to produce effects. Because of this, we recommend “start low, go slow”. You can always eat more, but you can’t eat less. 

How to Infuse Cannabis Into Food

While it's certainly convenient to purchase ready-to-use cannabis products and infuse them into your food, there's a certain pleasure in preparing these products yourself. By doing so, you can ensure that you're using the proper dosage and recipe for your needs.

There are  quite a few different ways that you can infuse cannabis into your favorite foods, and once you master the basics of making things like cannabutter and cannabis oils, you’ll be able to experiment with all kinds of interesting recipes and culinary ideas to mix cannabis’ flavors and benefits into your dishes.

The first step to making any of the below items is to decarboxylate your cannabis. This is the process of heating dried cannabis flower so that the acid form of THC or CBD (THCA or CBDA) is transformed into THC or CBD (the active ingredient). To do this, heat the cannabis in the oven at 250°F for 25 to 30 minutes. High CBD cannabis may take a little longer (30-40 minutes). 

  • Cannabis-Infused Butter - Cannabis butter, or cannabutter, is a great staple ingredient to use for baking cannabis brownies, cakes, cookies, and more. You can also just melt it over baked potatoes or even spread it on a sandwich. Here is a simple cannabutter recipe to help you with your cooking:
  • Cannabis-Infused Oil - Cannabis-infused oil is another versatile option. Once your oil has been infused with the properties of cannabis, you can use it to cook with, creating everything from stir fries to salad dressings. Below you can find a recipe for cannabis oil preparation: 
  • Cannabis Tinctures - Cannabis tinctures are a simple way to make a cannabis infusion.. Tinctures are alcohol-based liquids that you can drip into your favorite meals to bring in the benefits of cannabis. You can also drop them into drinks like coffee or smoothies. To make, check out this easy to follow recipe. 
  • Cannabis-Infused Honey - If you’re looking for a sweet treat with all the power of the cannabis plant, cannabis honey is another option to try. Again, this is a pretty versatile ingredient that can go into soups, smoothies, sauces, and baked goods.

You can find some simple cannabutter and cannabis oil recipes below that will make your cooking experience easy and pleasant one. 

Canna Butter Recipe:


  • 1 cup unsalted butter
  • 1 cup ground cannabis flower


  1. Preheat your oven to 240°F (115°C).
  2. Spread the ground cannabis flower in a thin layer on a baking sheet.
  3. Bake the cannabis in the oven for 30-40 minutes, stirring every 10 minutes to ensure even heating.
  4. Melt the unsalted butter in a saucepan on low heat.
  5. Once melted, add the decarboxylated cannabis to the butter and stir until the cannabis is fully coated.
  6. Let the mixture simmer on low heat for 2-3 hours, stirring occasionally.
  7. Once the cannabutter is ready, strain the mixture through a cheesecloth into a container. For a fun twist, you can use cookie cutters to shape the canna butter into your favorite shapes before letting it cool and solidify in the fridge.
  8. Let the cannabutter cool and solidify in the fridge for a few hours before use.

Canna Oil Recipe:


  • 1 cup olive oil, coconut oil, or any other cooking oil
  • 1 cup ground cannabis flower


  1. Preheat your oven to 240°F (115°C).
  2. Spread the ground cannabis flower in a thin layer on a baking sheet.
  3. Bake the cannabis in the oven for 30-40 minutes, stirring every 10 minutes to ensure even heating.
  4. In a double boiler or a heat-safe bowl over a pot of boiling water, combine the cooking oil and the decarboxylated cannabis.
  5. Let the mixture simmer on low heat for 2-3 hours, stirring occasionally.
  6. Once done, strain the mixture through a cheesecloth into a container.
  7. Let the canna oil cool and solidify in the fridge for a few hours before use.

Note that the potency of your cannabutter or canna oil will depend on the quality and quantity of cannabis you use, as well as the length of time you let the mixture simmer. Always start with a small amount and wait at least an hour before consuming more to gauge its effects.

Measuring Potency and Dosage in Cooking

When cooking with cannabis, you have to think carefully about amounts and dosages. It's crucial to not use too much cannabis, as this could cause an overpowering effect, but you also won't want to use too little, otherwise, the effects might not be felt at all.

You'll need to work out the percentage of THC in the plant you're using and then calculate that together with the amount of oil, butter, or other ingredients you’re working with. It can be tricky, but there are online calculators and other resources, like this dosing guide for making edibles. , to help you. However, a lot of making homemade cannabis products is trial and error. Keep track of how much flower you are putting into your oil or butter and the THC% if known, and then start with a very small piece of the finished product. 

Creating Cannabis-Infused Recipes

Once you’ve made your base ingredients, like cannabutter or cannabis honey, it’s really easy to whip up some of your favorite edibles, like brownies or gummies. Here are some sample recipes:


For weed brownies, the easiest option is to prepare some cannabutter before you begin. Once that's done, you can go ahead and follow any brownie recipe you like, replacing the regular butter with cannabutter and mixing it up with flour, chocolate, and other ingredients.


The best option for cannabis gummies is to prepare some cannabis-infused coconut oil by decarbing your cannabis and letting it infuse with the oil on the stove. You can then combine the oil with water and lecithin, mixing in gelatin and letting it dissolve. You'll then be able to pour the mixture into gummy molds and leave them to set. Check out this recipe for watermelon gummies from Penny Barthel!


If you're interested in making some cannabis-infused pasta, you'll need to make either some cannabutter or cannabis oil before you begin. You can then simply mix the butter or oil with some flour, eggs, and salt and work the dough for a while. Leave it refrigerated to set and then roll it out and cut into the desired shapes.

Visit the Make section of Personal Plants for more recipes like infused pumpkin muffins and cannabis mocktails!

The Future of Marijuana Culinary 

The future is looking bright for marijuana’s culinary prospects. Laws are being relaxed in many parts of the world, allowing chefs to finally get creative and use marijuana as an ingredient for their dishes. This could lead to the creation of some very intriguing recipes and even the possibility of cannabis cafes and eateries.

Potential for Growth in the Cannabis-Infused Food Industry 

There’s a lot of potential for growth in the world of cannabis edibles, thanks to widespread legalization in many parts of the US and other places around the world. As laws are relaxed, cannabis edible creators have greater freedom to create new products and put their ideas into action.

Regulatory Challenges and Potential Changes in Legislation

Of course, there still remain some legal and regulatory challenges in regard to cannabis food products. These products will need to be labeled and marked clearly to show that they contain cannabis, and their manufacture will require strict quality control. In addition, such products are still illegal in many areas, but this could change in the future as legislation evolves.


Overall, it’s a great time for cannabis enthusiasts to have fun in the kitchen with cannabis-based ingredients and recipes. Making your own products at home is economical and a great way to develop a relationship with the cannabis plant! It’s never been easier to make marijuana butter, oils, and more, and we can expect future growth and development of the cannabis culinary scene in the years to come.

About the author:

Bertha Garrett is deeply involved in the cannabis industry. She worked as a budtender for 2 years. Now she handles content at the Canna Clinic.


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